As rubles are made of cents, so knowledge is made of grains of reading. (Vladimir Ivanovich Dahl)
Three qualities – vast knowledge, the habit of thinking, and the nobility of feelings – are necessary for a person to be educated in the full sense of the word. He who has little knowledge is ignorant; whose mind is not used to thinking, is rude or dumb; who has no noble feelings, that person is bad. (Chernyshevsky N.G.)
Education is something that people do in relation to themselves and for themselves: a person “forms” himself. Others can also teach us, but we can “educate” ourselves only on our own. And this is not an empty pun. Educating yourself is not at all something to learn. We learn to acquire various skills; we are working on our education – in order to become something, to stay in harmony with this world. How can this be described?
Yes, at the beginning of our life, we, being thoughtless babies, absorb the culture in which we are born, eagerly and thoughtlessly. Over time, with the development of memory, intellect, morality, we learn to evaluate culture and begin to see its flaws, point them out to adults, which results in the emergence of youth protest subcultures, which today instead of focusing on creative criticism often lead either to self-destruction or destruction society, that is, destructive criticism – criticism without any creative suggestions to rectify the situation.
Education ours thus consists of basic mental programs absorbed in childhood, accumulated on top of this stereotype (various facts also apply here), some kind of development of an intellect machine, if you are lucky with your environment, then some kind of development of feelings, and if you are very lucky, then and a certain culture of thinking, skills of changing one’s psyche, working with information, understanding methods of action and creating knowledge at the pace of the course of life. Also, all this connects in the psyche and is guided through life by a system of moral standards, which for the most part is also gleaned from culture and partly constructed independently at a more conscious age, and even recommendations of conscience, which we follow because of our morality, and then problems in life we have less because conscience protects against noble mistakes,
In addition, as we wrote in the article “The elimination of managerial illiteracy is the key to the development of society!”
If we relate to the task of maintaining or gaining by this society the ability to further develop culture and support the personal development of all, then each society has the right to demand :
Self-control (i.e. a person’s will must be dominant above all his instincts and culturally determined behavior skills, including habits – unconscious automatisms of behavior). This is because it is the self-control that is the basis of the most important personal quality that opens up the possibilities for the free development of society: “tolerance” – the ability to perceive people as they are and tolerate (without indulging) them, regardless of their personal vices or shortcomings and mistakes made by them (including systematic errors). At the same time, “tolerance” implies rejection, overcoming and suppression of attempts to enslave oneself, arising from other individuals and corporations both by the use of force by the potential enslavers or the threat of its use and by creating a heterogeneous dependence on the “patron” individual or “patron” corporations and the like
Sociability combined with caring and goodwill because it is these qualities that allow you to enter into communication with other people both in order to live and work together with them and in order to assist them in identifying and resolving their problems.
An effective personal culture of feelings and a culture of thinking, since they are the basis of people’s creativity both in work and in helping others, the basis of the safety of others in communication and in joint activities with a person.
Possession of general cultural skills and the development of standard education for society, which unites all adult members in society in each historical era. This group of criteria includes reading and writing skills, including.
This is the minimum that all citizens in society should have, but many do not reach this level of education.
As you can see, knowledge of facts is only a very small fraction of real education and upbringing, however, many people have problems with this.
EDUCATED PERSON – MANDATORY READER
A reader of fiction from which he learns: how to express your thoughts, desires and feelings. He studies the language of the soul. Realizes that the same things can be perceived differently than he is used to. Love in a different way, hate in a different way. He learns new words and metaphors that describe mental states. Replenishing his vocabulary, enriching the palette of concepts, he learns to more accurately express his experiences and thereby – more subtly feel.
An educated person speaks better and more interestingly about himself and the world than he who can only repeat fragments of vivid phrases or aphorisms that he once concocted. The ability of a person to accurately express himself allows him to deepen and clarify the idea of himself. This process can go on forever.
In addition, reading involves one of the most important mechanisms of the psyche, on which the future depends, both of an individual person and of humanity as a whole. This is imagination. If you do not imagine, do not dream about your future, someone else will make it for you. Today, mass culture is struggling against the imagination in every way, teaching it to consume ready-made information, but not to create, not to imagine new things. As a result, a person becomes an appendage to a television or to a tape in a social network. The book teaches our consciousness to imagine, create worlds, endow them with details and features that are not even in the book – it teaches us to create!
We live in a century when the pace of development of society, its economic progress and the life of each of us depends on knowledge. Without them, a person cannot learn nature, take possession of its wealth, manage modern technology, manage production, set up his own business, and cannot be a harmonious person himself.
The prestige of knowledge, the prestige of education is becoming ever higher. Neither upbringing nor education can be given in finished form. To become educated is, first of all, to learn how to learn , and for those who have mastered this skill, the education process lasts a lifetime, and life itself becomes diverse and vibrant.
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO BE AN EDUCATED PERSON?
These, as they say, are general postulates. Everything is always verified in practice, since the occasion turned up.
What do residents of Petrozavodsk know about the creativity of M.Yu. Lermontov?
On the eve of the 200th anniversary of the birthday of the great Russian poet M.Yu. Lermontov, the TVR Panorama online publication conducted a survey among the youth of the city of Petrozavodsk to find out what they know and remember from the school curriculum about the poet’s work.
The result, of course, is “impressive”, so we present the survey data in full.
The youth of Petrozavodsk cannot read a single line from Lermontov and confuses the facts.
The 200th anniversary is an excellent occasion to ask you, dear readers, whether you really know who Mikhail Lermontov is. Poet. And also? Of course, you know, we have no doubt. And yet, just in case, they asked the Karelia in Figures Petrozavodsk company to interview 100 people, yes younger, and find out if the Petrozavodsk youth knew “our second everything”. They interviewed. The survey results are in front of you.
Forty young people and 60 girls fell into the arms of our partners from Karelia in Figures. Age from 15 to 29 years. The survey was conducted on the street, questions were asked both simple and complex, for some. To make it more interesting, we came up with answer options.
WHO IS MIKHAIL YURYEVICH LERMONTOV?
Hooray! All 100 of our respondents identified him as a poet, writer, and classic of Russian literature. Thank you for not calling the poet an astronaut or businessman.